Thais thought they were seeing the long-awaited end to martial law, only to find that little has changed. The country’s military government lifted martial law throughout the country on April 1, 10 months after it was imposed. In its place, however, the junta invoked Section 44 of the interim constitution, a measure of last resort that gives the military government sweeping powers. The move has resulted in junta chief and Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha wielding absolute authority under the pretext of enforcing security, triggering criticism from the international community, human rights groups and the public media. What is going on in Thailand, which should be aiming at a return to civilian rule?